Goldfish have been a recurrent theme in Matisse’s art. Born in 1869 in France (d. 1954), Henri Matisse is regarded as one of the greatest painters of the 20th century. A prolific and versatile artist, in his creations he favoured intense and expressive colours, and often depicted intimate or natural scenes.
Goldfish in a bowl are integral part of the scene in many of his works, including:
Poissons rouges et palette 
The Museum of Modern Art, New York (USA)
If you’re interested in further reading, you may find these pages about Matisse’s art of some interest:
The Poissons Rouge [sic] Paintings, in English
Matisse, son œuvre, in French
Fauvism, in English