Linux 4.7 will have security features of Chrome OS

linux and chrome

Very recently we have available the latest Linux kernel. But Linus Torvalds and his team are already working on Linux 4.7, the next kernel team. At the moment we know little about Linux 4.7 but how little we know is already interesting.


Apparently this new version will have a new security feature that has been ported of Chrome OS, a security feature called LoadPin. This new version will be interesting for the field of security, since LoadPin avoid loading modules and that affects the integrity of the kernel.

LoadPin is an interesting feature that will Linux 4.7 and that will not only full confidence modules  in the kernel to load, but once loaded not be loaded more modules or simply restrict loading modules so that no “sneaking “new modules in the system.

LoadPin comes from Chrome OS but is an interesting feature for many, but especially for the business environment that will allow the kernel safer with this new feature, because it will not allow dubious code modules that add meaningless.

The current intention of the team is to improve the kernel Linus and therefore LoadPin is a great security tool. But not the only innovation in Linux 4.7, but unfortunately I do not know the new tools to be integrated into Linux 4.7.

Personally I find interesting LoadPin and wonder because the team did not include this function in the Kernel 4.6 or earlier versions. In any case it is clear that the more free software projects exist, more profit is the end user

SSH login without password


You want to use Linux and OpenSSH to automate your tasks. Therefore you need an automatic login from host A / user a to Host B / user b. You don’t want to enter any passwords, because you want to call ssh from a within a shell script.


First log in on A as user a and generate a pair of authentication keys. Do not enter a passphrase:

a@A:~> ssh-keygen -t rsa
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/home/a/.ssh/id_rsa): 
Created directory '/home/a/.ssh'.
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase): 
Enter same passphrase again: 
Your identification has been saved in /home/a/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /home/a/.ssh/
The key fingerprint is:
ae:ff:03:74:ba:7f:66:73:3x:35:45:f5:c7:ac:57:a6 a@A

Now use ssh to create a directory ~/.ssh as user b on B. (The directory may already exist, which is fine):

a@A:~> ssh b@B mkdir -p .ssh
b@B's password: 

Finally append a’s new public key to b@B:.ssh/authorized_keys and enter b’s password one last time:

a@A:~> cat .ssh/ | ssh b@B 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'
 b@B's password:

From now on you can log into B as b from A as a without password

a@A:~> ssh b@B

A note from one of our readers: Depending on your version of SSH you might also have to do the following changes:

Put the public key in .ssh/authorized_keys2
Change the permissions of .ssh to 700
Change the permissions of .ssh/authorized_keys2 to 640



1) Run the command below on A and keep type enter while following the prompt:
ssh-keygen -t rsa

2) Create the ~/.ssh on B from A via ssh:
ssh mylogin@B mkdir -p .ssh

3) Append public key from A to B’s ~/.ssh/authorized_keys by running the command below on A:
cat ~/.ssh/ | ssh mylogin@B 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'

4) Verify:
ssh mylogin@B

– ~/.ssh needs to be 700
– .ssh/authorized_key needs to be 640

Linux: How To Use RVM to Manage Ruby

Ruby is a very popular programming language that has Ruby on Rails, or RoR, is a popular development framework that allows you to easily get your application up and running with minimal hassle.

Developing applications often times requires that you emulate different environments. Different versions of Ruby may be necessary for different projects. With conventional installations, this would impede your ability to be flexible.

Continue reading “Linux: How To Use RVM to Manage Ruby”

How To Install Ruby on Rails on Linux Mint 17.3

Ruby on Rails is one of the most popular application stacks for developers wishing to create sites and web apps. The Ruby programming language, coupled with the Rails development framework, makes app development simple.

Since Ruby on Rails doesn’t come in a neatly packaged format, getting the framework installed used to be one of the more difficult parts of getting started. Luckily, tools like rvm, the Ruby Version Manager, have made installation simple.

In this guide, we’ll show how to install rvm on an Linux Mint 17.3, and use it to install a stable version of Ruby and Rails.

Continue reading “How To Install Ruby on Rails on Linux Mint 17.3”

iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad and Apple TV on Linux

IPhone on Linux

IPhone on LinuxMany people have claimed that the only thing keeping them attached to Windows is iTunes, so this is for all those people. While researching the steps for jail-breaking an iOS device I stumbled upon what is the equivalent to iTunes for a Linux system. The software seems pretty solid and it runs well from my own trials, although I don’t own an iPhone. The project has been around since 2007 and has turned into a pretty solid piece of software. Go here to download the software and learn more about the project. The setup may seem somewhat intimidating upon first glance, but see page ( will see that there is not that complicated.

Windows Managers and Desktop Environments in Linux

Gnome 3 - Desktop

Gnome, KDE, XFCE or LXDE. What is the best?

That is a very broad question, so let me try to whittle it down a bit. If you’re coming to Linux for the first time from Windows or Mac, you’re not familiar with the very concept of having different desktops to choose from! The only thing I ever really changed on my Windows desktop was wallpaper and themes. But in Linux, you can choose different window managers and desktop environments.

he two are different things. The window manager controls how the desktop windows are “drawn” by your computer. When we refer to windows in Linux, we don’t mean that other operating system by Microsoft, we mean the little boxes that contain the graphics for whatever application you launch. Microsoft did a smart thing by calling their OS “Windows.” It sort of suggests that they invented the little things. But in fact, long before there was the Windows operating system, there were windows with borders to separate running applications. Unix and DOS both had windows.

In Linux you can choose between window managers like Icewm, Openbox, Fluxbox, and Xfwm. Openbox is a big favorite because it has a nice “right-click anywhere on the desktop” feature that brings up a whole menu from which you can launch applications, open a terminal, etc. You can even have wallpaper. Many folks with older low-powered machines use only a window manager and no desktop environment at all. Without the extra visual “eye candy” and decorations, computers running only a window manager run very fast! Fluxbox is considered a little less “newbie friendly” than Openbox, I’m sure that isn’t the case with our Fluxbox edition. Google the term “Linux window managers screenshots” to see what can be done with just a bare-bones window manager!

A desktop environment on the other hand includes a window manager but also includes stuff like panels, applets, and applications that are designed to work best in that particular desktop environment. Among desktop environments are KDE, Gnome, Xfce, Enlightenment, and LXDE. Each has it’s own special features and applications. The “heavyweight” desktop environments (KDE and Gnome) have all sorts of wonderful features like “plasmoids” and the famous “spinning cube.” They’re more demanding on resources, but on computers 2 years old or newer, they run plenty fast. Xfce is kinda sorta like “Gnome Lite,” if you will. It “feels like” Gnome but offers fewer of the extra fancy features and is designed to work better on modest hardware. LXDE is a very “lightweight” desktop environment – so light in fact that it has been “accused” of being a window manager instead of a full-fledged desktop environment. The look of LXDE reminds alot of people of what “Windows 98” looked like.

Each of the desktop environments has it’s own set of applications that work best in their “native” environment. That is called “integration.” Xfce applications, for example, are integrated into the Xfce desktop environment, so the experience of applications in their “native” desktop environment will tend to be snappier and more responsive. Most people mix-and-match applications anyway. You can use any application in any desktop environment! But if you have limited space on your hard drive, it’s better not to do that, since installing a single KDE application onto a Gnome desktop, for example, may also “pull in” large libraries from the other desktop environment. Here’s are some of the applications listed according to the desktop environment they are native to:

CD Burners:
Brasero – Gnome
Xfburn – Xfce

File managers:
Konqueror – KDE
Nautilus – Gnome
Thunar – Xfce

Music Players:
Amarok – KDE
Rhythmbox – Gnome
Exaile – Xfce
LXMusic – LXDE

These are just a few examples. The KDE file manager also doubles as a nice web browser! Some find it complicated, others love it. Brasero always just makes coasters out of my blank CDs, but both Xfburn and K3B work flawlessly. Other people find that Brasero works best for them. The only way to be sure is to “use what you have,” and if it doesn’t work or you don’t like it, try one of the others. So much choice! It’s wonderful, but a bit overwhelming to a newbie. So much of it is a matter of taste and what works on your own machine. It took me a year of trying them all to finally choose a favorite (I’m an Xfce fanboy now – but that could change too)! I chose what works fastest on my hardware yet still offers most of the features I want in a desktop.

Now you see why it’s a bigger question than it seems like at first! Sooooo many choices! But don’t hurry! Try a few, one every month or two when you feel like exploring, and if you’re delighted with what you’ve got, just keep it! But it’s fun to see what the others are like. Many a nicely “pimped out” desktop with wicked special effects has won a few people over from Windows and Mac. And many an aging heap has been saved from a landfill and converted into a screamin’ fast machine by a sweet-and-simple, bare-bones window manager! A number of families from the studio where I take dance class have been won over by the mind-bending speed and elegance of a lightweight Xfce mixture on an ancient old dinosaur that was donated for the kids to use.

How to choose?

1. – Look at screenshots from the different DEs and WMs and pick a pretty one!

2. – Consider a “lightweight” if you have an older, low-resource computer that you want to run fast!

3. – Experiment with the different applications from the different DEs and see what works best for you and fits your needs and tastes.

4. – Don’t forget to ask your family if you share the computer with them!

Enjoy the ride. It’s fun to try them all.

Gnome 3 - Desktop
Gnome 3 - Desktop - Image Source :
KDE 4-2 - Desktop
KDE 4-2 - Desktop - Image Source :
XFCE 4.2 Desktop
XFCE 4.2 Desktop - Imagen Source :

How to resize the Unity 2D launcher.

It’s a pretty simple process, just need to edit three files. For those who don’t know Unity-2D uses qt to draw it. So all we need to do is change a few values in the qml files.
Unity-2D lives here: /usr/share/unity-2d. The three files we are going to edit are:

Find the line that looks like this:
LauncherLoader {
id: launcherLoader
anchors.bottom: parent.bottom
width: 65 <– Change this.
I used 50.

The first one is optional:
Item {
id: iconTile

property bool activeFocus: false
property bool backgroundFromIcon: true <– set to false to stop the tile from pulling colours from the icon.
property alias source: icon.source
property alias backgroundOpacity: tileBackground.opacity
Then find this:
Image {
id: icon
objectName: “icon”
anchors.centerIn: parent
smooth: true

sourceSize.width: 48 <– I used
sourceSize.height: 48 <– 32.

Find this:
/* The spacing is explicitly set in order to compensate
the space added by selectionOutline and round_corner_54x54.png. */
spacing: -7

property int tileSize: 54 <– controls tile size, I used 40

/* selectionOutline tile size, so AutoScrollingList view can calculate
the right height. */
property int selectionOutlineSize: 65 <– controls spacing, I used 48

That’s it. The rest is fiddling with png’s to get the look you want. For example; The background fill looks bad with a monochrome icon theme, so I hollowed out the background image with gimp. If you want to change the start button it’s in the unity/5 folder it’s called launcher_bfb.png.

These are system files your messing with, so be sure to backup the entire directory before you start. Also backup when your done, any unity updates will overwrite your changes. These changes WILL apply to all users. And of course I’m not responsible if you break your system. You can keep the pieces thou

Howto for Bash

Bash scripting is one of the best ways to fully unlock the power of a unix/linux computer. Bash scripting gives you the opportunity to combine many commands into one script and even allows for some programming. Below is a collection of the very best Bash Scripting Tutorials on the net.

1. Bash Script Tutorial
2. Mendel Cooper’s Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide
3. Mike G’s Bash Programming Introduction
4. Steve Parker’s Unix/Linux Shell Scripting Tutorial
5. Vivek Gite LSST
6. IBM’s Bash By Example
7. The Geek Stuff – 5 Practical Examples
8. Going Linux – Shell Scripting Tutorials
9. USALUG – Bash Script Beginner Tutorial
10. jbsnake’s Intermediate Bash Script Tutorial
11. – Writing a Simple Bash Script
12. HypeXR’s Getting Started With Bash
13. SiteGround – Advanced Bash Loops
14. Conditions in Bash Scripting
15. Lutus’ Bash Shell Programming in Linux
16. Advanced Bash Environment Variables
17. GNU Universal Bash Reference Guide
+1: Bash Pitfalls…How NOT to write Bash Scripts

Source :

Mozilla Firefox 7 Final

Logo Firefox
Logo Firefox

Reviewing the mozilla ftp servers, I found the final version of firefox 7, in this version is reduced by up to 60% memory consumption, being that the navigation is smooth. This version also brings improved performance as Direct2D Azure, in which the HTML5 work better, improved synchronization service, Firefox Sync, which also accelerates the process of uploading passwords and bookmarks to the cloud and the spread of these to other instances we have installed.

His official departure date is 27 September.

You can download Mozilla Firefox 7.0 Final in Spanish from the following links:

-> Download Firefox Windows

-> Download Firefox Mac OS X

-> Download Firefox Linux

Install Ubuntu 11.04

The Ubuntu 11.04 “Natty Narwhal” released. You can download a CD version from The biggest change from ubuntu’s previous releases is Unity, a modern desktop developed by ubuntu team exclusively for ubuntu. Also Ubunty 11.04 is not including the Gnome 3.0. Unity is supported byCompiz Fusion, the 3D desktop of linux. Gnome 3.0 is not using compiz fusion. A classic Gnome 2.0 desktop is also included in Ubuntu 11.04.

Here is a quick Ubuntu 11.04 Post Installation guide for reference.

Download Ubuntu 11.04

You can download latest ubuntu 11.04 from ubuntu website and ubuntu mirrors deployed all over the world. You can select a CD image and write it to a cd or create a bootable usb drive and make an easy installation. The CD is a live CD. So you can test Ubuntu without install into your computer. Also there is a great tool called wubi, the windows installer for ubuntu. By using wubi you can install ubuntu inside windows as a programme and uninstall as a programme.

The default Ubuntu 11.04 is packed with Firefox 4, Libreoffice 3.3.2, Banshee Music Player, Shotwell Photo editor etc. But more programmes are avilable for download and install from ubuntu software center.

Start Ubuntu 11.04 with Classic Gnome 2 Desktop

There is an option in the login screen. After selecting your username a menu will appear in the bottom of the login screen. You can select the session and language from bottom bar. There you can select the classic desktop and then type password. You will be greeted with the classic gnome desktop. If your graphics hardware is not comaptable with ubuntu then the default boot will go to gnome 2.0. You will get unity desktop after install the 3D support only.

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

There are lot of things to do after install ubuntu 11.04 for a perfect desktop user. First of all you need restricted multimedia repositories. Then custom applications for various purpose etc…

Install Updates in Ubuntu 11.04

The very first thing after install ubuntu 11.04 is to update all the repositories. To do this Just open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and type

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

This will do the magic. You have the latest operating system with all updates.

Ubuntu restricted extras in Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple “stripped” codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Click Here to install ubuntu restricted extras.

This will take a while to install whole package. Keep your terminal open until the whole package list will be installed. Otherwise you want to start everything from the scratch. You can install the restricted extras from the ubuntu software center also. You will get a graphical progress of the installation. But command line is always faster.

To install the packages below you just search in ubuntu software center and press install. But the command terminal command will do the work more faster.


Ubuntu Tweak for tweak ubuntu 11.04 as you like

Ubuntu tweak is a great packages to change the settings in ubuntu without any hazile. It provide many useful desktop and system options to tweak to your needs.

ubuntu tweak will help you to install needed applicaitons with one click. Also you can tweak the interface like move the buttons from left to right. Change the welcome screen etc…

You can install ubuntu tweak from ubuntu repository

In the terminal just type

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

Install CompizConfig Settings Manager in Ubuntu 11.04

By using Compiz setting manager you’ll be able to tweak the Unity launcher reveal mode, hide behavior, change Unity-specific keyboard shortcuts, change the Unity launcher icon size, the top panel opacity, tweak various animations and more.

To install just type in the terminal

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager

You can tweak the unity by selecting Ubuntu Unity Plugin from ‘Desktop’ category. Now choose the Experimental tab from above. There you will see the ‘Panel Opacity’ option. Change it to the value you like. Also you can adjust the value of ‘Launcher Icon Size’ by simple scrolling. The default value of ‘Launcher Icon Size’ is 48 but you can adjust to your conveniance.

Increase or decrease the no of desktops in Ubuntu 11.04

By default there are 4 desktop available. Just press Super+s will give the overview. To change the no of desktop go to Compiz config settings manager > select General Options from the category ‘General’. Select the tab ‘Desktop Size’ and choose the values you want.

Nautilus Elementary on Ubuntu 11.04

Nautilus Elementary is a hack of Nautilus. It will give you drastic usability improvements. A nice look to the default nautilus

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

nautilus -q

Multimedia Applications for Audio Video Playback and Edit in Ubuntu 11.04

Banshee is the default music player in Ubuntu 11.04 and totem is the default video player. But you can take look to other great applications that do the things very easly and effectively.

VLC Media player

VLC media player is a great all in one media player solution for ubuntu and the whole linux. It will play most of the media without any other codec requirements.

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse

Full DVD Playback

For fullfledged dvd play back in ubuntu you need a small package called libdvdcss. For that just type or you can search it on the software center of ubuntu.

sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list$(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update

sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2


Mplayer and smplayer (mplayer’s GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer gnome-mplayer

Clementine Music Player

Clementine is a music player inspired by Amarok 1.4, focusing on a fast and easy-to-use interface for searching and playing your music. It can listen to internet radio from, SomaFM, Magnatune, Jamendo and Icecast. Also Visualisations from projectM. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos and more. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos. Edit tags on MP3 and OGG files, organise your music. Remote control using a Wii Remote, MPRIS or the command-line.

sudo apt-get install clementine

Audacious Audio Player

Audacious is an audio player for gnome. It look and feels like winamp. It has a native GTK UI in the last release. Lot of plug-ins and skins are available for audacious.

sudo apt-get install audacious


XBMC is an award-winning software media center for digital media. It is available for Linux, OSX, Windows and the original Xbox. Currently XBMC can be used to play almost all popular audio and video formats around.Once installed, your computer will become a fully functional multimedia jukebox. To install it type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install xbmc

Openshot – Video editor in ubuntu

Openshot, the best existing actually for Linux. You can install Openshot from Ubuntu software center, but if you want to install the latest release, you can do that by adding the following repositories:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonoomph/openshot-edge

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install openshot openshot-doc


GTK pod is a good ipod manager. gtkpod will support iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini

sudo apt-get install gtkpod

K3b – All in One CD, DVD, BluRay Burning Applicaiton for Ubuntu 11.04

K3b is a full featured disc burning tool which has all the features of Nero Burning rom. The current version support Blu-ray burning also. This is a KDE Application. If you install on Gnome It will download all the KDE Libraries. This will be a real overload.

sudo apt-get install k3b

Minitube – Youtube Desktop Client for Ubuntu

Minitube is a flash free YouTube desktop application for Linux and Mac OSX. Minitube is perhaps one of the cleanest looking YouTube desktop client I have ever used in Ubuntu.

Graphics Packages for Ubuntu 11.04

There are lot of applications available for image editing, drawing, painting, animation, 3d Modeling etc…

GIMP – The Advanced Image Editing programme for Ubuntu 11.04

A great Photo Editing and retouching software that can do gif animations . Will replace your Photoshop. A lot of plugins, brushes, gradients are avilable for gimp. A newer version gimp 2.8 is on its way with more revolutionary changes.

sudo apt-get install gimp

Inkscape – Vector image editing and drawing application in Ubuntu 11.04

A great Vector drawing and logo creating software which will replace Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw.

sudo apt-get install inkscape

Picasa – Photo and Album collection Manager from google

A Good Photo Manager from Google. This Package will be downloaded from Google Picasa Website.

All downloads are approximately 30 MB: Picasa software (13 MB), Wine (11 MB) and Gecko engine (6 MB).


Blender is the award winning 3D modeling and Non Linear Editing Programme in Linux. Blender supports from character drawing to timeline editing . The Latest version 2.57 is the most powerfull solution for all designing and 3D needs.

sudo apt-get blender

Internet Utilities for Ubuntu 11.04

Firefox 4 is included in ubuntu 11.04 by default. But you can try other browsers like google chrome, opera.

Chromium Browser

Chromium is the opensource project sponsored by google. Chromium comes without google specific customizations. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

Google Chrome

Google Chrome will be downloaded from Google Website.


Opera is a good alternative browser for good internet experience. You can Download Opera FromOpera Website.

Email Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Evolution is the default email client for Ubuntu 10.10 But you can try thunderbird, which is a good email client from mozilla.


Thunderbird is a good email client from Mozilla Foundation.

sudo apt-get install thunderbird

Chat Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Empathy is the default IM Client for Ubuntu 10.10. Other IM Clients are pidgin,skype,amsn etc..


Pidgin is an open source IM application. It can handle various accounts . It is based on libpurple library.

sudo apt-get install pidgin


Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. It is a complete audio video client for ubuntu. To install Skype, first activate Canonical Partner Repository, then install Skype via the Software-Center or via the Terminal.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install skype

Or you can Download skype from official website.


aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install amsn

Social Networking Clients for Ubuntu 11.04


gwibber is the default social networking client for ubuntu. You can manage your facebook and twitter accounts from gwibber.

sudo apt-get install gwibber

Hotot Twitter Client for ubuntu

Hotot is slick twitter client for ubuntu. It is in its early stages but it is worth take a look. Will be your favourite one soon.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:hotot-team

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install hotot

Bit torrent Clients for Ubuntu 11.04


It is the bittorrent client for ubuntu 11.04

sudo apt-get install transmission


Vuze is the next version of Azureus. It can handle torrents more effectively. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install vuze


The Deluge was designed to be a full-featured BitTorrent client. Deluge uses libtorrent in it’s backend and PyGTK for it’s user interface, and is currently usable on Ubuntu.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deluge-team/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install deluge

Installing the latest Java run time JRE

JRE stands for ‘Java Runtime Environment’. It’s an essential application that many applications ‘depend on’.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ferramroberto/java

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts

Flash Player for web browsers in ubuntu 11.04

For Ubuntu 32 bit & 64 bit : To be able to watch videos and see flash website in your browser (firefox/ Chrome..), you need to install flash plugin, go to ubuntu software center and search word “flash” and install it.

FTP Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

filezilla and gftp are the popular ftp clients in ubuntu 11.04. Nautilus is also support ftp,sftp connections.


Filezilla is the best ftp client for Linux. It can handle all the FTP needs. Nautilus is also capable of connecting ftp.

sudo apt-get install filezilla


Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. This means that any file you save to your Dropbox will automatically save to all your computers, phones and even the Dropbox website. Dropbox also makes it super easy to share with others, whether you’re a student or professional, parent or grandparent.

Download the Dropbox package:

Ubuntu (x86_64 .deb)

Ubuntu (x86 .deb)

Office Packages for Ubuntu 11.04

Libreoffice is installed by default. It includes Writer – A good Document Editor, Calc – A Spreadsheet Editor, Impress – A Presentation Creator and Manager and Draw – A Drawing creator. You can also try Abiword and Gnumeric.

Adobe Acrobat Reader

This will help to read pdf documents more effectively. The default Document Viewer will handle pdf files. But you get more features with this programme

sudo apt-get install acroread


Scribus is a good DTP application to prepare industry standard books for publishing and more …

sudo apt-get install scribus


Dia is a good diagram editor. Will help you to create a variety of diagrams like Flow chart, Database, Circuit, Logic, UML etc ..

sudo apt-get install dia

Miscellaneous Applications for Enhance your Ubuntu 11.04 Desktop

Some applicaitons like cheese,xsane,stellarium,unrar,p7zip are nice applications for enhance your desktop.

Cheese – Take Photos and Record Videos Using Webcam

Cheese is a must install especially if you are a laptop user, since most laptops/netbooks have a webcam these days. Cheese is a simple application that lets you take photos and record videos using your webcam.

sudo apt-get cheese

Xsane – A Scanner application for Ubuntu

Xsane is a great tool for your scanner control. This tool will help to scan documents and pictures effectively. You can control resolution, brightness, contrast etc …

sudo apt-get install xsane


Stellarium is a real-time 3D photo-realistic nightsky renderer. It can generate images of the sky as seen through the Earth’s atmosphere with more than one hundred thousand stars from the Hipparcos Catalogue, constellations, planets, major satellites and nebulas. Near 40 MB.

sudo apt-get install stellarium

Rar, Zip applicaitons for ubuntu 11.04

If you are downloading from the internet, you know how various forms archives can have. Installing the following will allow you to deal with most of these.

sudo apt-get install unace unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

Y PPA Manager

Y PPA Manager is a GUI tool to easily add PPAs, search a package in all Launchpad PPAs, remove duplicate PPAs (only works with separate .list files), backup PPAs and other PPA-related tasks. Check out the Launchpad page for a complete features list.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

Samba Server

Samba is the windows share folder manager. You can add windows shares using samba server

sudo apt-get install samba smbfs 

Wine The windows Environment –  install windows programmes into Ubuntu 11.04

If you want to install and run windows programmes under ubuntu 11.04 you need a windows environment emulator programme called wine.

  • Support for multiple icon sizes in wine menu builder.
  • Improvements to the help browser.
  • Initial stab at DOSBox integration.
  • Various MSI fixes.
  • Some fixes to the Wine debugger.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install wine1.3

RAM / CPU usage Indicator for Unity

Unity top panel doesn’t support any kind of applets, just AppIndicators. Luckily, there’s an AppIndicator that displays the RAM and CPU usage. Install it using the commands below:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alexeftimie/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install indicator-sysmonitor

Firefox 4 Menu Reenabled

In Firefox, go to the Addons Manager and disable the Global Menu Bar Integration extension, restart Firefox, then right click the menu and deselect the Menu Bar.

Ubuntu One appindicator

If you using ubuntu one cloud service then here is a nice app indicator to help you .

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rye/ubuntuone-extras

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ubuntuone-indicator

Resize Images by right click them in Ubuntu 11.04

This is a quick tweak and it is greatly usefull. If you have some large images and reduce its size to 50% or resize an image quickly. Then there is a nautilus script by using this one just right click on the image and resize for your desired sizes. Nice quick tool.

sudo apt-get install imagemagick

sudo apt-get install nautilus-image-converter

Eye Candy for Ubuntu 10.10

Incredible Themes for Ubuntu 11.04

A best theme combination is Equinox Evolution themes + Faenza icon theme combination. As an added advantage, both are available from the same PPA as well. Latest Equinox Evolution themes update brings with 3 new themes taking the total count to 5. To install Equinox GTK theme collection and Faenza icon theme in Ubuntu 11.04 type in terminal.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiheum/equinox

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install gtk2-engines-equinox equinox-theme faenza-icon-theme

There are other great themes from Gnome bisigi project. You have 12 great incredible themes for ubuntu.


Conky is a lightweight system monitor application for Linux. It can be customizable in lot ways to look your desktop stunning. Type following in terminal to install conky

sudo apt-get install conky

Screenlets for Ubuntu 11.04

Screenlets are small owner-drawn applications that can be described as “the virtual representation of things lying/standing around on your desk”. Sticknotes, clocks, rulers, the possibilities are endless.Screenlets can be installed from Ubuntu software center,

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:screenlets/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install screenlets

Install Gnome Shell and Gnome 3 in Ubuntu 11.04

(warning: you won’t be able to use Unity after using this PPA)

There is a PPa for gnome 3 in ubuntu. If you install gnome shell then you cannot use unity desktop anymore.Click here to get GNOME 3 PPA

Unity Keyboard Shortcuts

Key shotcuts in Unity: This page will document the keyboard shortcuts and mouse tricks for Unity.

Ubuntu BleedingEdge

This is the all in one solution to install Reader, Flash, Chrome, Picasa, Codecs, etc. There is a project is sourceforge called bleedingedge. This project is developed by fedelep. is a shell script designed for Ubuntu 32 and 64bit. It installs repositories, keys, and software – such as media players, codecs, MS fonts, drivers, etc. It also cleans up the system.