Enabling Hibernate feature in Ubuntu

Recently, one of my friends had been facing an issue regarding the hibernation in Ubuntu 11.04. He googled all over the internet, found a lot of solutions but none of them worked out for him. Finally, we worked out a solution which I am going to share with you in this article.This article is dedicated to those people who are facing the same issue and never found a solution and for it. Also, I have taken a few lines from wikipedia to just let you know what basically hibernation is and what all are the benefits of hibernation.
Hibernation is a feature of many computer operating systems where the contents of RAM are written to non-volatile storage such as a hard disk, as a file or on a separate partition, before powering off the computer. When the computer is restarted it reloads the content of memory and is restored to the state it was in when hibernation was invoked.
Hibernation is used as an alternative to powering down the computer, because hibernating and later restarting is usually faster than closing down, later starting up, and starting all the programs that were running. Going into hibernation requires no user interaction; shutting down when programs are open either requires programs to be closed properly, or user interaction to force them to close, with possible loss of data or additional work on the part of the user to save all unsaved data in running programs.
This is how it all worked out, I have mentioned it step by step here. You don’t need to be a hard core coder for this, just open the terminal and follow these steps:

Open Terminal and go to root or just login through root
Type- vi /etc/default/grub
You will find the following line:-
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=” “
Type resume=/dev/my_vg/swap in the double quotes(“ ”), it should be like this:-
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=”resume=/dev/my_vg/swap” and save it.
Now update grub by typing:-
upadate-grub
Type – vi /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/resume
Edit the following command in that editor:-
resume=/dev/my_vg/swap and save it.
Now update by typing:-
update-initramfs -u

Try hibernating your system and check to find it working.

Previews: Ubuntu 12.10

In more Quantal development news, Unity in Ubuntu 12.10 would have a new feature called ‘Previews’.

Previews will give users an extra option with results in the Dash – right-click to open a preview pane. In previous versions of Unity, users only had one option with results in the Dash which is to open the file.

With this new feature, users can previews files right in the Dash. For example, if the user right-clicks on a music file in the Dash, the Music Preview will be revealed – which displays the album art, player controls and an option to show the file in a folder. The music preview also works for Ubuntu One Music Store results – so that you can preview a song before downloading it.

Previews also works with applications – allowing users to preview their applications, showing screenshot, description, user rating, as well as buttons for uninstalling or launching the application.

Lens developers also have new APIs and design layouts to play with. The APIs will allow developers to develop lenses that wouldn’t require a browser anymore. For example, the Wikipedia and News lens wouldn’t require the use of the browser and users could just read it on the Lens itself. Even the Torrent Lens would just allow the user to download it directly.

Previews is certainly a great step forward, and a feature that users will be anticipating in Ubuntu 12.10.

Configuring Unity – Ubuntu

MyUnity

Undoubtedly Unity Gnome 3 and changed our lives.
If we return to the old desktop only have to install Gnome Shell and Desktop and selecting Gnome Classic.
But as the changes come so far I found it very difficult to configure Gnome 3 or Unity.
Luckily myUnity arrives.

MyUnity is an independent configurator for Unity, a small system utility for Ubuntu, that can handle the customization of the Unity Launcher, Dash and Panel.

In an email to Softpedia Linux stuff, the Italian developer, Fabio Colinelli, announced the release of MyUnity 2.0.0, a version which brings numerous fixes and improvements, a brand-new Graphical User Interface (GUI) which makes it easier to use, and complete support for the Ubuntu 11.04 operating system.

However, the good news is that Canonical accepted the MyUnity project in their default software repositories and it will be available to all users starting with the Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) operating system!

Highlights of MyUnity 2.0.0:

  • · Ability to resize the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to show devices on the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to adjust the transparency of the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to change behavior of the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to change behavior of the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to change the display method of the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to change the Backlight settings of the Unity Launcher;
  • · Ability to change the Unity Dash blur;
  • · Ability to change the size of the Unity Dash;
  • · Ability to adjust the transparency of the Unity Panel;
  • · Ability to show “Home” icon on the desktop;
  • · Ability to show “Networking” icon on the desktop;
  • · Ability to show “Devices” icon on the desktop;
  • · Ability to show “Trash” icon on the desktop;
  • · Ability to change the system font;
  • · Ability to change the document font;
  • · Ability to change the Monospace font;
  • · Ability to change font’s antialiasing settings;
  • · Ability to change font’s hinting settings;
  • · Ability to reset all settings to default;
  • · Added translations for French, Brazilian Portuguese, Spanish, and Deutsch languages.

To install MyUnity 2.0.0 in your Ubuntu 11.10 or Ubuntu 11.04 operating system paste the following commands in a terminal window (CTRL+ALT+T):

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:myunity/ppa
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install myunity

Ubuntu 12.04 LTS (Precise Pangolin) users can install MyUnity 2 directly from the Ubuntu Software Center.

 MyUnity

 MyUnity

 MyUnity

100 Ubuntu links resources

  1. Official Ubuntu Home Page
  2. Official Ubuntu Forums
  3. Official Ubuntu Guide
  4. Wubuntu – Ubuntu Web Edition
  5. Windows to Ubuntu Transition Guide
  6. 10 Advantages of Ubuntu over Vista
  7. 30 Days with Ubuntu Linux
  8. 60 Days With Ubuntu
  9. Installing Ubuntu Linux!
  10. FREE Linux Books online
  11. The Ultimate Linux Reference Guide for Newbies
  12. Top 10 Linux commands for Absolute Newbies
  13. The Ultimate Linux Network Reference Guide for Newbies
  14. Install and run Ubuntu without disturbing Windows
  15. Basics to Linux Explained
  16. Windows Desktop Software and The Linux Alternatives
  17. The best reason yet to use Ubuntu
  18. How to install Anything in Ubuntu!
  19. How to Build Triple Boot (XP, Vista, Ubuntu) with single Boot Screen
  20. Windows Based Ubuntu Installer – Screenshots and demo
  21. Instlux: Install Linux while still in Windows!
  22. Ubuntu Linux Vs. Windows Vista: The Battle For Your Desktop — Ubuntu Linux
  23. Ten tips for new Ubuntu users
  24. 13 Must Do things on new Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn installation
  25. Hack Attack: Top 10 Ubuntu apps and tweaks
  26. How To Set Up A Ubuntu/Debian LAMP Server
  27. The Perfect Desktop – Ubuntu 7.04 Feisty Fawn
  28. The Perfect Desktop – Ubuntu Studio 7.04
  29. The Perfect Setup – Ubuntu Feisty Fawn (Ubuntu 7.04)
  30. How To Install Internet Explorer On Ubuntu
  31. Change the menu bar and main menu logos in Ubuntu
  32. How To Compile A Kernel – The Ubuntu Way
  33. How to Configure an $80 File Server in 45 Minutes
  34. Installing Popular Applications On Your Ubuntu Desktop With Automatix2
  35. Bandwidth Monitoring Tools for Ubuntu Users
  36. Running Internet Explorer in Ubuntu Linux
  37. How To Use NTFS Drives/Partitions Under Ubuntu
  38. Installing The Native Linux Flash Player 9 On Ubuntu
  39. Mount a Remote Folder using SSH on Ubuntu
  40. Clone Your Ubuntu installation
  41. Speed Up Firefox web browser
  42. Install Popular Applications in Ubuntu Feisty Fawn Using Automatix2
  43. How to Install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) in Ubuntu
  44. How to Install Beryl with latest nvidia drivers in Ubuntu Feisty Fawn
  45. How To Install VMware Server On Ubuntu 7.04
  46. DNS server Setup using bind in Ubuntu
  47. NFS Server and Client Configuration in Ubuntu
  48. Dual Monitors with NVidia in Ubuntu
  49. Howto Set Flickr images as Ubuntu desktop wallpaper
  50. Sharing Internet Connection in Ubuntu
  51. 10 must have programs for a new Ubuntu user
  52. 10 minutes to run every Windows app on your Ubuntu desktop
  53. How-To: Ubuntu Media Server
  54. How-to: Cheap Ubuntu Media Server Part 2
  55. HOWTO Encrypt CD/DVDs in Ubuntu
  56. How-to: Installing Ubuntu Linux on a usb pendrive
  57. Install KDE Desktop in Ubuntu
  58. Set Windows as Default OS when Dual Booting Ubuntu
  59. Official Ubuntu Linux Desktop Guide
  60. 100+ Ubuntu Tutorials and Growing Fast!
  61. Ubuntu and wireless – now better than Windows!
  62. LifeHacker Top 10 Ubuntu applications
  63. Running OSX and Windows XP/Vista on Ubuntu
  64. Awesome Ubuntu Apps you might not know about
  65. Completely mod Ubuntu to look like OS X
  66. Cracking WEP with Ubuntu
  67. 6 Best Ubuntu Tweaks out there
  68. 100 Useful Ubuntu Links – Everything you could ever need!
  69. Ultimate Ubuntu performance tweaking guide
  70. Transform Your Ubuntu’s Look
  71. Ubuntu tricks – how to mount your WinXP partition, make it read/writabable
  72. HOWTO: Ubuntu Customization Guide Part I
  73. Cleaning up a Ubuntu GNU/Linux system
  74. Super Fast Internet for Ubuntu
  75. Speed up the Internet in Ubuntu
  76. How-to: Theming your Ubuntu desktop
  77. 11 Things You Haven’t Seen Yet in Ubuntu Feisty Fawn
  78. 300+ Easily Installed Free Fonts for Ubuntu
  79. Ubuntu Performance Guides
  80. Ubuntu Tutorials
  81. 10 most popular Ubuntu sites on the net
  82. Ubuntu Feisty Fawn Performance Guide
  83. Set-up a Ubuntu webcam security system
  84. Instructions to install NTFS-3G in Ubuntu Dapper
  85. How to achieve native NTFS write support under Linux
  86. Hacking Ubuntu to Improve Performance
  87. Ubuntu and Your iPod…
  88. How to Access Your Ubuntu Remotely
  89. How to make OpenOffice run faster in Ubuntu
  90. Dual Monitors HOWTO
  91. DvdShrink For Linux – How To Install On Ubuntu
  92. 13 Applications to Install on Ubuntu/Linux running on Slow Computer
  93. How to Setup Your ubuntu Computer to be a Router
  94. Improve performance in Ubuntu
  95. How to gracefully reboot your Ubuntu/Debian system if all else fails
  96. Good Ubuntu Networking Tutorial for Beginners and advanced users
  97. Top 10 Ubuntu Tips
  98. Scheduling for Absolute Beginners
  99. Building a Linux home media center
  100. Ubuntu Customization Kit

Install Ubuntu 11.04

The Ubuntu 11.04 “Natty Narwhal” released. You can download a CD version from ubuntu.com. The biggest change from ubuntu’s previous releases is Unity, a modern desktop developed by ubuntu team exclusively for ubuntu. Also Ubunty 11.04 is not including the Gnome 3.0. Unity is supported byCompiz Fusion, the 3D desktop of linux. Gnome 3.0 is not using compiz fusion. A classic Gnome 2.0 desktop is also included in Ubuntu 11.04.

Here is a quick Ubuntu 11.04 Post Installation guide for reference.

Download Ubuntu 11.04

You can download latest ubuntu 11.04 from ubuntu website and ubuntu mirrors deployed all over the world. You can select a CD image and write it to a cd or create a bootable usb drive and make an easy installation. The CD is a live CD. So you can test Ubuntu without install into your computer. Also there is a great tool called wubi, the windows installer for ubuntu. By using wubi you can install ubuntu inside windows as a programme and uninstall as a programme.

The default Ubuntu 11.04 is packed with Firefox 4, Libreoffice 3.3.2, Banshee Music Player, Shotwell Photo editor etc. But more programmes are avilable for download and install from ubuntu software center.

Start Ubuntu 11.04 with Classic Gnome 2 Desktop

There is an option in the login screen. After selecting your username a menu will appear in the bottom of the login screen. You can select the session and language from bottom bar. There you can select the classic desktop and then type password. You will be greeted with the classic gnome desktop. If your graphics hardware is not comaptable with ubuntu then the default boot will go to gnome 2.0. You will get unity desktop after install the 3D support only.

Things to do After Installing Ubuntu 11.04 Natty Narwhal

There are lot of things to do after install ubuntu 11.04 for a perfect desktop user. First of all you need restricted multimedia repositories. Then custom applications for various purpose etc…

Install Updates in Ubuntu 11.04

The very first thing after install ubuntu 11.04 is to update all the repositories. To do this Just open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and type

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

This will do the magic. You have the latest operating system with all updates.

Ubuntu restricted extras in Ubuntu 11.04

Ubuntu Restricted Extras will install Adobe Flash Player, Java Runtime Environment (JRE) (sun-java-jre) with Firefox plug-ins (icedtea), a set of Microsoft Fonts (msttcorefonts), multimedia codecs (w32codecs or w64codecs), mp3-compatible encoding (lame), FFMpeg, extra Gstreamer codecs, the package for DVD decoding (libdvdread4, but see below for info on libdvdcss2), the unrar archiver, odbc, and cabextract. It also installs multiple “stripped” codecs and avutils (libavcodec-unstripped-52 and libavutil-unstripped-49). This is a single command approach.

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Click Here to install ubuntu restricted extras.

This will take a while to install whole package. Keep your terminal open until the whole package list will be installed. Otherwise you want to start everything from the scratch. You can install the restricted extras from the ubuntu software center also. You will get a graphical progress of the installation. But command line is always faster.

To install the packages below you just search in ubuntu software center and press install. But the command terminal command will do the work more faster.

 

Ubuntu Tweak for tweak ubuntu 11.04 as you like

Ubuntu tweak is a great packages to change the settings in ubuntu without any hazile. It provide many useful desktop and system options to tweak to your needs.

ubuntu tweak will help you to install needed applicaitons with one click. Also you can tweak the interface like move the buttons from left to right. Change the welcome screen etc…

You can install ubuntu tweak from ubuntu repository

In the terminal just type

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

Install CompizConfig Settings Manager in Ubuntu 11.04

By using Compiz setting manager you’ll be able to tweak the Unity launcher reveal mode, hide behavior, change Unity-specific keyboard shortcuts, change the Unity launcher icon size, the top panel opacity, tweak various animations and more.

To install just type in the terminal

sudo apt-get install compizconfig-settings-manager

You can tweak the unity by selecting Ubuntu Unity Plugin from ‘Desktop’ category. Now choose the Experimental tab from above. There you will see the ‘Panel Opacity’ option. Change it to the value you like. Also you can adjust the value of ‘Launcher Icon Size’ by simple scrolling. The default value of ‘Launcher Icon Size’ is 48 but you can adjust to your conveniance.

Increase or decrease the no of desktops in Ubuntu 11.04

By default there are 4 desktop available. Just press Super+s will give the overview. To change the no of desktop go to Compiz config settings manager > select General Options from the category ‘General’. Select the tab ‘Desktop Size’ and choose the values you want.

Nautilus Elementary on Ubuntu 11.04

Nautilus Elementary is a hack of Nautilus. It will give you drastic usability improvements. A nice look to the default nautilus

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:am-monkeyd/nautilus-elementary-ppa

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get upgrade

nautilus -q

Multimedia Applications for Audio Video Playback and Edit in Ubuntu 11.04

Banshee is the default music player in Ubuntu 11.04 and totem is the default video player. But you can take look to other great applications that do the things very easly and effectively.

VLC Media player

VLC media player is a great all in one media player solution for ubuntu and the whole linux. It will play most of the media without any other codec requirements.

sudo apt-get install vlc vlc-plugin-pulse

Full DVD Playback

For fullfledged dvd play back in ubuntu you need a small package called libdvdcss. For that just type or you can search it on the software center of ubuntu.

sudo wget --output-document=/etc/apt/sources.list.d/medibuntu.list http://www.medibuntu.org/sources.list.d/$(lsb_release -cs).list && sudo apt-get --quiet update && sudo apt-get --yes --quiet --allow-unauthenticated install medibuntu-keyring && sudo apt-get --quiet update

sudo apt-get install libdvdcss2

MPlayer/SMPlayer

Mplayer and smplayer (mplayer’s GUI) for video playback. It supports almost any video type, external subtitles as well as DVD playback as long as you have the needed codecs installed as shown previously. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install mplayer smplayer gnome-mplayer

Clementine Music Player

Clementine is a music player inspired by Amarok 1.4, focusing on a fast and easy-to-use interface for searching and playing your music. It can listen to internet radio from Last.fm, SomaFM, Magnatune, Jamendo and Icecast. Also Visualisations from projectM. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos and more. Lyrics and artist biographies and photos. Edit tags on MP3 and OGG files, organise your music. Remote control using a Wii Remote, MPRIS or the command-line.

sudo apt-get install clementine

Audacious Audio Player

Audacious is an audio player for gnome. It look and feels like winamp. It has a native GTK UI in the last release. Lot of plug-ins and skins are available for audacious.

sudo apt-get install audacious

XBMC

XBMC is an award-winning software media center for digital media. It is available for Linux, OSX, Windows and the original Xbox. Currently XBMC can be used to play almost all popular audio and video formats around.Once installed, your computer will become a fully functional multimedia jukebox. To install it type:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-xbmc

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install xbmc

Openshot – Video editor in ubuntu

Openshot, the best existing actually for Linux. You can install Openshot from Ubuntu software center, but if you want to install the latest release, you can do that by adding the following repositories:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:jonoomph/openshot-edge

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install openshot openshot-doc

Gtkpod

GTK pod is a good ipod manager. gtkpod will support iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini

sudo apt-get install gtkpod

K3b – All in One CD, DVD, BluRay Burning Applicaiton for Ubuntu 11.04

K3b is a full featured disc burning tool which has all the features of Nero Burning rom. The current version support Blu-ray burning also. This is a KDE Application. If you install on Gnome It will download all the KDE Libraries. This will be a real overload.

sudo apt-get install k3b

Minitube – Youtube Desktop Client for Ubuntu

Minitube is a flash free YouTube desktop application for Linux and Mac OSX. Minitube is perhaps one of the cleanest looking YouTube desktop client I have ever used in Ubuntu.

Graphics Packages for Ubuntu 11.04

There are lot of applications available for image editing, drawing, painting, animation, 3d Modeling etc…

GIMP – The Advanced Image Editing programme for Ubuntu 11.04

A great Photo Editing and retouching software that can do gif animations . Will replace your Photoshop. A lot of plugins, brushes, gradients are avilable for gimp. A newer version gimp 2.8 is on its way with more revolutionary changes.

sudo apt-get install gimp

Inkscape – Vector image editing and drawing application in Ubuntu 11.04

A great Vector drawing and logo creating software which will replace Adobe Illustrator or Corel Draw.

sudo apt-get install inkscape

Picasa – Photo and Album collection Manager from google

A Good Photo Manager from Google. This Package will be downloaded from Google Picasa Website.

http://dl.google.com/linux/deb/pool/non-free/p/picasa/picasa_3.0-current_i386.deb

All downloads are approximately 30 MB: Picasa software (13 MB), Wine (11 MB) and Gecko engine (6 MB).

Blender

Blender is the award winning 3D modeling and Non Linear Editing Programme in Linux. Blender supports from character drawing to timeline editing . The Latest version 2.57 is the most powerfull solution for all designing and 3D needs.

sudo apt-get blender

Internet Utilities for Ubuntu 11.04

Firefox 4 is included in ubuntu 11.04 by default. But you can try other browsers like google chrome, opera.

Chromium Browser

Chromium is the opensource project sponsored by google. Chromium comes without google specific customizations. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install chromium-browser

Google Chrome

Google Chrome will be downloaded from Google Website.

Opera

Opera is a good alternative browser for good internet experience. You can Download Opera FromOpera Website.

Email Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Evolution is the default email client for Ubuntu 10.10 But you can try thunderbird, which is a good email client from mozilla.

Thunderbird

Thunderbird is a good email client from Mozilla Foundation.

sudo apt-get install thunderbird

Chat Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Empathy is the default IM Client for Ubuntu 10.10. Other IM Clients are pidgin,skype,amsn etc..

Pidgin

Pidgin is an open source IM application. It can handle various accounts . It is based on libpurple library.

sudo apt-get install pidgin

Skype

Skype is a proprietary integrated VOIP and video conferencing program similar to Ekiga. It is a complete audio video client for ubuntu. To install Skype, first activate Canonical Partner Repository, then install Skype via the Software-Center or via the Terminal.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install skype

Or you can Download skype from official website.

AMSN

aMSN is an MSN Messenger utility that functions like the original client. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install amsn

Social Networking Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Gwibber

gwibber is the default social networking client for ubuntu. You can manage your facebook and twitter accounts from gwibber.

sudo apt-get install gwibber

Hotot Twitter Client for ubuntu

Hotot is slick twitter client for ubuntu. It is in its early stages but it is worth take a look. Will be your favourite one soon.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:hotot-team

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install hotot

Bit torrent Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

Transmission

It is the bittorrent client for ubuntu 11.04

sudo apt-get install transmission

Vuze

Vuze is the next version of Azureus. It can handle torrents more effectively. To install it type:

sudo apt-get install vuze

Deluge

The Deluge was designed to be a full-featured BitTorrent client. Deluge uses libtorrent in it’s backend and PyGTK for it’s user interface, and is currently usable on Ubuntu.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deluge-team/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install deluge

Installing the latest Java run time JRE

JRE stands for ‘Java Runtime Environment’. It’s an essential application that many applications ‘depend on’.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ferramroberto/java

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jre sun-java6-plugin sun-java6-fonts

Flash Player for web browsers in ubuntu 11.04

For Ubuntu 32 bit & 64 bit : To be able to watch videos and see flash website in your browser (firefox/ Chrome..), you need to install flash plugin, go to ubuntu software center and search word “flash” and install it.

FTP Clients for Ubuntu 11.04

filezilla and gftp are the popular ftp clients in ubuntu 11.04. Nautilus is also support ftp,sftp connections.

Filezilla

Filezilla is the best ftp client for Linux. It can handle all the FTP needs. Nautilus is also capable of connecting ftp.

sudo apt-get install filezilla

DropBox

Dropbox is a free service that lets you bring all your photos, docs, and videos anywhere. This means that any file you save to your Dropbox will automatically save to all your computers, phones and even the Dropbox website. Dropbox also makes it super easy to share with others, whether you’re a student or professional, parent or grandparent.

Download the Dropbox package:

Ubuntu (x86_64 .deb)

Ubuntu (x86 .deb)

Office Packages for Ubuntu 11.04

Libreoffice is installed by default. It includes Writer – A good Document Editor, Calc – A Spreadsheet Editor, Impress – A Presentation Creator and Manager and Draw – A Drawing creator. You can also try Abiword and Gnumeric.

Adobe Acrobat Reader

This will help to read pdf documents more effectively. The default Document Viewer will handle pdf files. But you get more features with this programme

sudo apt-get install acroread

Scribus

Scribus is a good DTP application to prepare industry standard books for publishing and more …

sudo apt-get install scribus

Dia

Dia is a good diagram editor. Will help you to create a variety of diagrams like Flow chart, Database, Circuit, Logic, UML etc ..

sudo apt-get install dia

Miscellaneous Applications for Enhance your Ubuntu 11.04 Desktop

Some applicaitons like cheese,xsane,stellarium,unrar,p7zip are nice applications for enhance your desktop.

Cheese – Take Photos and Record Videos Using Webcam

Cheese is a must install especially if you are a laptop user, since most laptops/netbooks have a webcam these days. Cheese is a simple application that lets you take photos and record videos using your webcam.

sudo apt-get cheese

Xsane – A Scanner application for Ubuntu

Xsane is a great tool for your scanner control. This tool will help to scan documents and pictures effectively. You can control resolution, brightness, contrast etc …

sudo apt-get install xsane

Stellarium

Stellarium is a real-time 3D photo-realistic nightsky renderer. It can generate images of the sky as seen through the Earth’s atmosphere with more than one hundred thousand stars from the Hipparcos Catalogue, constellations, planets, major satellites and nebulas. Near 40 MB.

sudo apt-get install stellarium

Rar, Zip applicaitons for ubuntu 11.04

If you are downloading from the internet, you know how various forms archives can have. Installing the following will allow you to deal with most of these.

sudo apt-get install unace unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar uudeview mpack lha arj cabextract file-roller

Y PPA Manager

Y PPA Manager is a GUI tool to easily add PPAs, search a package in all Launchpad PPAs, remove duplicate PPAs (only works with separate .list files), backup PPAs and other PPA-related tasks. Check out the Launchpad page for a complete features list.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/y-ppa-manager
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install y-ppa-manager

Samba Server

Samba is the windows share folder manager. You can add windows shares using samba server

sudo apt-get install samba smbfs 

Wine The windows Environment –  install windows programmes into Ubuntu 11.04

If you want to install and run windows programmes under ubuntu 11.04 you need a windows environment emulator programme called wine.

  • Support for multiple icon sizes in wine menu builder.
  • Improvements to the help browser.
  • Initial stab at DOSBox integration.
  • Various MSI fixes.
  • Some fixes to the Wine debugger.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa
 sudo apt-get update
 sudo apt-get install wine1.3

RAM / CPU usage Indicator for Unity

Unity top panel doesn’t support any kind of applets, just AppIndicators. Luckily, there’s an AppIndicator that displays the RAM and CPU usage. Install it using the commands below:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:alexeftimie/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install indicator-sysmonitor

Firefox 4 Menu Reenabled

In Firefox, go to the Addons Manager and disable the Global Menu Bar Integration extension, restart Firefox, then right click the menu and deselect the Menu Bar.

Ubuntu One appindicator

If you using ubuntu one cloud service then here is a nice app indicator to help you .

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:rye/ubuntuone-extras

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install ubuntuone-indicator

Resize Images by right click them in Ubuntu 11.04

This is a quick tweak and it is greatly usefull. If you have some large images and reduce its size to 50% or resize an image quickly. Then there is a nautilus script by using this one just right click on the image and resize for your desired sizes. Nice quick tool.

sudo apt-get install imagemagick

sudo apt-get install nautilus-image-converter

Eye Candy for Ubuntu 10.10

Incredible Themes for Ubuntu 11.04

A best theme combination is Equinox Evolution themes + Faenza icon theme combination. As an added advantage, both are available from the same PPA as well. Latest Equinox Evolution themes update brings with 3 new themes taking the total count to 5. To install Equinox GTK theme collection and Faenza icon theme in Ubuntu 11.04 type in terminal.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tiheum/equinox

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install gtk2-engines-equinox equinox-theme faenza-icon-theme

There are other great themes from Gnome bisigi project. You have 12 great incredible themes for ubuntu.

Conky

Conky is a lightweight system monitor application for Linux. It can be customizable in lot ways to look your desktop stunning. Type following in terminal to install conky

sudo apt-get install conky

Screenlets for Ubuntu 11.04

Screenlets are small owner-drawn applications that can be described as “the virtual representation of things lying/standing around on your desk”. Sticknotes, clocks, rulers, the possibilities are endless.Screenlets can be installed from Ubuntu software center,

sudo apt-add-repository ppa:screenlets/ppa

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install screenlets

Install Gnome Shell and Gnome 3 in Ubuntu 11.04

(warning: you won’t be able to use Unity after using this PPA)

There is a PPa for gnome 3 in ubuntu. If you install gnome shell then you cannot use unity desktop anymore.Click here to get GNOME 3 PPA

Unity Keyboard Shortcuts

Key shotcuts in Unity: This page will document the keyboard shortcuts and mouse tricks for Unity.

Ubuntu BleedingEdge

This is the all in one solution to install Reader, Flash, Chrome, Picasa, Codecs, etc. There is a project is sourceforge called bleedingedge. This project is developed by fedelep. is a shell script designed for Ubuntu 32 and 64bit. It installs repositories, keys, and software – such as media players, codecs, MS fonts, drivers, etc. It also cleans up the system.

Migrating from Ubuntu 11.04 to Fedora 15

I decided to leave Ubuntu Linux distribution.

I think the version of Canonical Ldta. is no longer effective distribution. His latest version of 11.04 am disappointed with their poor performance. I also have encountered major obstacles to recompile the kernel and Gnome 3 to make it optimal.

The large amount of memory needed and the large amount of CPU resource utilization leads me to decide to delete it from my notebook.

In contrast I’ve been testing Fedora 14 and the beta of Fedora 15 and the truth is that it is worthy to try it on my notebook.

So I have to my Debian server and on my desk I will make Fedora 14, as the newly launched version 15 today. A take some time and fix the bugs, which are normal in the launch, update it to Fedora 15.

One of the problems I encountered and had to call a friend to help me was to migrate my Thunderbird settings. Here I leave the tips and steps followed.

Backup email and account profiles in Thunderbird

You need to backup thunderbird mail and profile to a /backup directory:
# tar zcvf /backup/email-carlos.tar.gz /home/carlos/.thunderbird/

You can copy /backup/email-carlos.tar.gz file to a CD/DVD or USB pen.

Task: Restore Thunderbird mail and profile

Make sure Thunderbird is not running. Simply copy backup files from tape, USB pen or CD to your /home/you/.mozilla-thunderbird/ directory:

# tar –zxvf /backup/email-email-carlos.tar.gz -C /home/carlos

 

 

Ubuntu Linux Opens a Music Store

ubuntu logo

Music-loving Linux users will be happy to know that Canonical announced today the official launch of the Ubuntu One Music Store public beta.

Like the iTunes Store and the Zune Marketplace, the Music Store will let users purchase and download songs and albums from a wide selection.

The Ubuntu One store is powered by 7digital, an online music distributor that offers over four million DRM-free songs in the MP3 format (at bit rates starting at 256 KBps). Canonical and 7digital have developed software that allows the Music Store to integrate with the Ubuntu One cloud service and the Rhythmbox music-management app.

Each song in the store lets you listen to a 60-second preview that you can stream directly in Rhythmbox. Payment options for purchasing songs include credit card and PayPal. Songs or albums you purchase are downloaded into your Ubuntu One storage area, and can thus be accessed from any computer you have set up to use it. You can also use the Ubuntu One Web interface to download songs from other systems.

Unsurprisingly, the Ubuntu One Music Store’s selection isn’t as extensive as what you can get from the larger stores, and it may also vary between geographic regions (different stores exist for the U.K., the U.S., Germany, the rest of the Europe, and other parts of the world). As with services like Spotify, international restrictions will apply, so all the stores may not be created equal.

A few aspects of the Music Store may present difficulties for some users. An agreement with the music labels limits the number of times you can download any song to three. Songs you purchase count against your Ubuntu One file sync capacity, so if you use the lowest 2GB level, you may run out of capacity before you get all the music you want. (You can move the file out of your synchronization area, however.) Another issue is that the default installation of Ubuntu doesn’t natively support MP3 playback; you’ll need to install an additional package with a licensed MP3 codec for GNOME’s GStreamer multimedia framework. (You’ll be prompted to do this if necessary when you first try to access the store.) If you already have a 7digital account, you can’t merge it with your Ubuntu One account.

Because the Music Store was developed as a plug-in, you don’t have to use Rhythmbox to access it—according to the Music Store’s FAQ, it will also show up in AmarokBanshee, and other applications. The Music Store should not interfere with Jamendo or Magnatune, which provide access to Creative Commonsand open-licensed songs.

The Ubuntu One Music Store was not included in the earliest public betas of Ubuntu 10.04 (“Lucid Lynx”), which was released in beta last Friday, but will be when the final version of the software is released next month. According to techie-buzz.com, if you are using the beta you can enable the Music Store by running the following commands:

sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install rythmbox-ubuntuone-music-store

And then enabling it from Edit > Plugins.

How to Install Ubuntu in Windows

Wubi is an officially supported Ubuntu installer for Windows users that can bring you to the Linux world with a single click. Wubi allows you to install and uninstall Ubuntu as any other Windows application, in a simple and safe way.

That sums it up pretty well. You can use your Windows (98, 2000, XP, Vista) Control Panel to add/remove it as easily as any other Windows app.

The key thing about Wubi (Windows based Ubuntu Installer) is that you do not have to do any partitioning. It simply creates a file in Windows that both systems treat as if it’s a separate partition. You can choose the size of that file when you install.

In Windows, download the Wubi installer here. The initial options can be set at the main screen.

wubi installing

When choosing the drive to host your new Ubuntu installation, try to pick your C drive if possible. I’ve had nothing but bad luck trying to run a Wubi installation from a drive partition other than the one running Windows. Also, when it comes the deciding how much space to allocate to Ubuntu, I wouldn’t suggest going much below 20Gb if you plan to get much done.

Note the Desktop Environment option in the lower left corner. With Wubi, you have the option of four versions of Ubuntu:

  • Ubuntu – With GNOME, the standard option
  • Kubuntu – With KDE, a more “Windowsy” desktop
  • Xubuntu – With XFCE, more lightweight than GNOME or KDE
  • Mythbuntu – A PVR system using MythTV and XFCE

Once you’re ready to install, you’ll have to wait for the full ISO to download.

wubi main screen

How it works

While we’re waiting for the download, we might as well go over exactly what’s happening. Instead of creating a partition to hold Linux and all its files, Wubi creates a loop device inside a file (typically C:\Ubuntu\disks\root.disk), which Windows treats as if it was a separate partition or hard drive.

When you boot the computer, you’ll see the Windows bootloader asking which OS to boot. If you choose Ubuntu, the Windows bootloader opens the file Wubi created earlier, and the Linux inside thinks it’s running on a typical Linux partition.

Finishing Up

I found that doing the Ubuntu 9.04 install over Wubi was quite comfortable and clear. I’ve suggested Wubi to a few potential converts, and I think I’ll continue to do so. In particular, I like how easy Wubi makes it to choose which of the various Ubuntu flavors to install. I think that makes it a little easier for people to try out something they’d otherwise never think to download. I look forward to seeing what the developers come up with in the future.

Best Free Linux Book: Ubuntu Pocket Guide and Reference

ubuntu pocket guide

Website www.ubuntupocketguide.com
Author Keir Thomas
Format PDF
Pages 152

This book is a concise companion for everyday Ubuntu use. It provides a good grounding in getting to grips with the Ubuntu 8.04 and 8.10 distributions.

Topics covered include:

  • Installing & Configuring Ubuntu
  • Learning how to use the desktop covering logging in, layout, virtual desktops, and useful applications
  • Understanding how user accounts and the filesystem work
  • Getting to grips with the command-line
  • Software management including an overview of Synaptic, working with repositories, and a basic overview of compiling from source code
  • Securing the system, including configuring a firewall, antivirus, and how to encrypt file and folders