Argentina : The State filed a complaint against Magnetto, Noble and Videla
The Human Rights Office also denounced and called for the investigation of Bartolomé Mitre and Martinez de Hoz for conspiracy, extortion, kidnapping and torture in a case followed by death. These are crimes against humanity. Also this can be seen as the government’s intention to mask the current problems with the painful years of Argentina 70.
The Secretariat of National Human Rights filed a complaint yesterday for alleged crimes against humanity committed in the process of ownership stake in newsprint, during the last military dictatorship. The paper concludes that “this dispossession was the result of a joint determination by the authorities of civil-military dictatorship and the owners of newspapers, who joined their efforts to commit the crimes that finally led to the formation of the partnership between the State and Clarin, La Nacion and La Razon. ” As the complainant, the Secretary Eduardo Luis Duhalde called for the investigation and “appropriate processing” of former dictators Jorge Rafael Videla and Emilio Eduardo Massera, former Economy Minister Jose Alfredo Martinez de Hoz and the owner of the Industrial Development Ministry Raymundo Juan Pio Podesta. In the list, the agency included the owner of Grupo Clarin, Ernestina Herrera de Noble, the CEO Hector Magnetto Clarín, the employer of the newspaper Bartolomé Mitre and the former directors of Reason Sam, Mark and Hugo Peralta Ramos. “Half a criminal concert to put all the inputs that are necessary to arrive at the end, immediately to buyers, mediate for the dictatorship,” he says towards the end of the text presented yesterday to the Federal Fiscal Unit of La Plata. In particular, the paper believes that “should be thoroughly investigated the crimes of conspiracy qualified, extortion, unlawful releases qualified, torture and harassment, these behaviors constitute crimes against humanity.” To support this request, the lawyers of the Human Rights Secretariat included a long list of history and national and international jurisprudence on the criminal responsibility of civil violations of human rights. Corporate complicity in the case of such crimes was examined by a Committee of Experts of the International Commission of Jurists in 2006 prepared a report on the subject which concluded that a company can be held responsible if they “actively attempted to contribute to gross abuses Human Rights. ” The experts added that “even though it might not have wanted that abuses occur, it is equal responsibility on the firm. The history of dispossession of the newsprint mill that allowed Clarín has grown exponentially in the last 30 years came to justice after the report Newsprint – The Truth that made the president on 24 August. In his speech, Cristina Fernandez announced that it would turn the body chaired by the 27 000 folios Duhalde documentary that accompanied the document prepared by the Secretariat of Internal Trade. Last week, prosecutors Marcelo Molina, Carlos Hernán Dulau Dumm and asked Schapiro Argentino time the documents supporting the investigative reporting of more than six months on the looting suffered by Graiver and ended with the kidnapping of the entire family and several employee trust. In the articles, the newspaper showed documentation that held meetings Gallino Oscar-repressor by “research” on Graiver-and directors of newspapers. After those “encounters”, the military prepared interrogating members of the family while they were missing. With the evidence in its possession, prosecutors, who are in charge of the investigation of the cause that leads the judge Arnaldo Corazza, must determine if they can prove in court that employers of Clarin, La Nacion and La Razón took over the company, complicity with the military junta. The focus of the arguments in the presentation yesterday is that the alleged crimes against humanity only began with the kidnapping and torture against family members and death in the torture chamber of the administrator of the estate of Graiver, Jorge Rubinstein, not before. For this, the agency’s lawyers appealed to the figure of iter criminis, that the way the offense includes the preparation of the context for the crime to its consummation. The word “extortion”, the first stage of the operation of dispossession, is repeated in the text of the complaint detailing the plot of threats and pressures-both public and private, who suffered the Graiver after the plane crash that killed David. The complicity between the economic powers and the oppressors who took blood and fire the State March 24, 1976 is another mainstay of the complaint. The detail of newspaper articles and documents before the transfer of shares shows that the “big day” was at least part, but co-construction of a public opinion favorable to the oppressors and the criminalization of Graiver clan. A special section in the presentation earned the theft of other property of the Graiver after the abduction and disappearance of its members and some employees. When the November 20, 1981 the National Commission for Reparation Patrimonial-Conarepa-transferred to the National all Graiver family assets “was just out of this transfer to the State Newsprint Company SA and delivered as war booty to their Partners Clarín, La Nación and La Razon. “ In the lawsuit, lawyers for the Ministry of Human Rights considered as evidence the testimony of the widow of David Graiver, Lidia Papaleo, and former vice president of newsprint, Rafael Ianover. They also noted the statement to the court-martial of former Social Welfare Minister during the dictatorship of Agustín Lanusse, Guillermo Manrique, who on November 2, 1977 recalled a meeting prior to the sale with the widow of the banker and the subsequent efforts to Minister Podesta, who would have said that “the government understood it must be settled on Graiver Group, which in the case of paper, it was felt that it was best to be sold or transferred to the newspapers.” But the complaint went further. Throughout the 192 pages, detailing not only the plan to benefit one industry over another, especially the businessmen members of the General Confederation Economic linked to former finance minister of the government of Juan Domingo Peron José Gelbard Bel – but the pressures, closures and shutdowns suffered by the military junta’s media is not addicted to the policies of the dictatorship. He also recalled that among the 30 000 missing detainees, 70 are journalists.
This is the news, it is better that justice is responsible for investigating, and that policy should be devoted to improving the quality of life of citizens. And I add, that are primarily engaged, politics, a means of resolving problems of nutrition, education and exploitation of mineral resources.