50 years ago, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore founded the North American company Intel with a very clear purpose: to reflect on what could be done to create a better future and in an unlimited way.
One of the reflections of Noyce has remained as an emblem of what the company has meant in the world of technology: “Do not let yourself be carried away by history, go and do something wonderful”.
Officially, the company’s birthday is July 18 and from this blog I want to join this celebration remembering the main milestones of a vital company in the technology market and always at the forefront.
Noyce and Moore register their new company under the name of NM Electronics and put Arthur Rock in charge, as president, while Noyce remains as executive director and Moore, as executive vice president.
The magnetic core memory appears. “At that time, the memory of semiconductors cost about a dollar, while internal memory, a penny. All we had to do was reduce the cost 100 times, so we would have the market, “said Noyce.
The decade of the 70 was synonymous with change. Intel saw rapid growth in revenues, created new facilities around the world, expanded its product lines and staff.
Thus, the recognition of the industry grew as the achievements of the company did, creating innovative products, new processes and markets that contributed to the development of innovative industries.
The slogan of the company is created: “Intel delivers”. The phrase was coined to alleviate engineers’ fear of creating too many innovative IT products that could not make room for themselves in the market and remain mere ideas on paper.
After just two years in development, in 1978 Intel launched the 1686 microprocessor with 80 bits, with an initial clock speed of 5 MHz, 29,000 transistors and a three micron circuit line width.
Intel, named one of the five best-managed companies in the United States, leaves the economic recession stronger and with new products.
In fact, in just a decade, its processors are included in more than 100,000 products, initiating a new era of industrial activity.
Thus, microcontrollers are integrated into thousands of products considered “smart” in the 80s, such as cars and PCs (whose demand is experiencing a boom at that time).
In addition, the company, in collaboration with other companies such as Xerox and Digital Equipment Corporation, present the Ethernet standard. Another of the company’s great achievements in that decade is the launch of the first local area network (LAN) controller and its change of focus to processors.
In 1988, the company launched a microprocessor with triple the performance of any other 16-bit processor available. The 80286, or Intel 286, was the first to run all the software written for its predecessors, the 8086 and 8088.
By the end of 1988, PC manufacturers had sold more than 15 million systems based on 286 worldwide. A year later, customers could choose from a variety of 486 processors with different speeds and designed to meet different price and performance needs.
During this decade, Intel focused on the development of microprocessors for desktop computers to then transform and be in other parts of the IT industry, such as servers, networks and communications products (including wireless technologies with silicon blocks).
In 1993 the Pentium brand was born with a code meaning: “pente”, which means five, alluding to the company’s fifth generation processor. In 1997, Intel announced MMX technology in the Super Bowl using animated characters that symbolized the fun, color and more complete audio experiences that this new technology brought to the PC market.
The 2000s began with a global and progressive transition to digital, witnessed by the rise of the Internet in the late 1990s, its subsequent development with the expansion of electronic commerce and the rise of mobile communications, which drive the growth of the Internet. net.
Intel optimizes its operations to deliver the basic “ingredients” that supply the Internet infrastructure, the computing and communications industry, as well as consumer value and high-end market segments.
Personal computing expands to almost all types of electronic devices, transforming the entire industry into a process consistent with wireless mobility.
In this context is born the Intel Pentium 4 processor, a chip that allows PC users to render realistic three-dimensional images in real time and create professional quality movies to share through the network. It also offers live videos similar to those on PC TV, allowing users to quickly encode music for MP3 players.
In 2001, Intel introduced Itanium, designed specifically for applications of engineering workstations and Internet servers. Soon after, in 2003, Intel Centrino appears, whose design and key development took place in the company’s design centers in Israel.
In 2007, the company introduced 45-nanometer technology with new transistors that increase the processor’s energy efficiency.
With the turn of the decade comes the family of Intel Core i7, i5 and i3 processors, coinciding with the manufacturing process of 32 nanometers (nm) for laptops, desktop computers and integrated devices, an unprecedented ramp that reflects the 7,000 million that Intel had invested a few months before.
In 2014, the microarchitecture of the Core M processor, manufactured using 14 nm, appears and, in 2018, the drones Shooting Star illuminate the sky during the opening ceremony of PyeongChang 2018, entering the Guinness of Records for the flight of simultaneous drones.