Tattooed people in the twentieth century
The art of tattooing goes back in time beyond what most people think. The Egyptians already knew and practiced the art of tattooing 3000 years ago. We know that because from the XI dynasty Egyptian practiced the art of tattooing. One of the most famous tattooed mummies Amunet, a priestess of the goddess Hathor, at Thebes.
I have observed several lines and dots tattooed on his body. Asecond The Mummy also found these models, but also had her pubic region dotted lower. The evidence to date suggests that in ancient Egyptian art was restricted to priestesses.
Evidence that the tattoo has always lived with man was found in 1991 in a glacier on the border between Austria and Italy. There appeared frozen a Neolithic hunter did 5300 years, back and knees tattooed.
The tattoo was reintroduced into Western society by the British expedition led by Captain Cook on his return from Tahiti in 1771. This explains the natural partnership that has prevailed to this day among marineros.A tattoos and tell an anecdote that Don Juan de Borbon (father of the present King of Spain) had tattooed his right forearm, a souvenir of their stay in the Navy English. And British royals became tattooed his expeditions in the South Seas.
The association between tattooing and criminality also came from here, sailors, people often shipped over long periods of time to avoid justice, was promoting this partnership.
Tattoos remained dormant until revived by the hippies in the 60s and 70s, they adopted the tattoo and he was elevated to the status of art, leaving the grounds crew and made very very colorful designs, in keeping with the times. This brought out tattoo ports and began a first popularization of tattooing.
Already in our days, these hippies are clerks, teachers and administrators, but lingers on your skin its youth brand, which has helped the great popularity of tattoos, denies any sailors and criminals. This restructuring of the social acceptance of tattooing has led to more people now feel more interest in decorating susu body.
It is believed that the process of tattooing was much more elaborate than today, was a ritual that for example in Egypt was carried out almost exclusively by women, a painful process that often is used to show courage or confirm the maturity In the same way that you can still observe the rituals of the tribes of New Zealand. Borneo is one of the few places where it is currently practiced the traditional form of tribal tattoo. The tattoo and piercing remember the art of Bali and Java, and tattoo instruments are similar to those used in Polynesia. Polynesian tattoo was the most artistic in the ancient world, was characterized by elaborate geometric designs, which were embellished and renewed during the lifetime of the individual to covering your entire body. According to Marco Polo in his “Travels” respect a person is measured by the number of tattoos he had.
Tattooing was also used as punishment, and individuals accused of sacrilege should be tattooed. Because of this, the Greek and Roman physicians began to practice the removal of tattoos. He slowly left the tattoo slaves and criminals to spread Christianity in the Roman Empire. The Emperor Constantine, the first Christian emperor of Rome, issued a decree against this activity. It is believed that the negative attitude against the Tattoo had its origin in this decree.
In North America the tattoo was associated with religious practices and magic, was a symbolic ritual and a single brand that would allow the soul to overcome obstacles on their way to death. The tattoo was a common practice among the natives of Central America, natives tattooed on their body images of gods. The Art of Tattooing was rediscovered by explorers. Banks, scientific artist who sailed with Captain Cook in 1769 described the process of tattooing in Polynesia. Cook’s sailors began the tradition of tattooed sailors and this hobby soon spread among the sailors, who learned the art and practiced it to travel bordo.TambiÃ©n Cook were those who described the art among the Maori Moko, a painful and elaborate process that lasted months and did result in spiral designs and black stripes.
Around 1000 BC tattooing entry achieved through the trade routes to India, China and Japan. Despite a glorious start in Japan, tattooing was reserved for those who had committed serious crimes, and tattooed individuals were ostracized by their families, this was the worst punishment. Matsushita Emperor, before the opening of Japan to the West decided to ban tattoos to avoid giving the impression of savagery to foreigners.
In America where he had existed for centuries, only mass was echoed during the Civil War. One of the first professional tattoo was CHFellows. It is considered that the first tattoo studio was opened in 1870 in New York by Martin Hildebrandt, a German immigrant. His biggest competition was Samuel O’Reilly invented the tattoo machine in 1891, this machine was inspired by a machine invented by Thomas Edison. Around 1900 there were tattoo studios in almost all major cities. Today, is famous in the world of tattooing the name of Sailor Jerry Collins (1911-1973).