To help the preservation of forests is very important to recycle paper, recycle waste paper is a great way to save wood.
Today the United States and Canada are the largest producers of paper, pulp and paper products. Finland, Japan, Russia and Sweden also produce significant quantities of lumber and newsprint. Currently the future of the forest and paper industry is bleak, as if the pace and mode of consumption continue as at present, useful tree species for wood production will decrease by 40%.
It is expected that forest resources have evolved as follows (in million hectares) between 1978 and 2002:
- Europe spends 140 to 150.
- America goes from 1,020 to 604.
- Total planet passes from 2563-2117.
Experts say that deforestation will continue until 2020 and then will be only 1,800 million hectares. Most of the losses will occur in the poorest regions of the Earth, and will affect the tropics. The disappearance of forests will result in a corresponding increase in greenhouse gases, the advance of deserts, the increase in world hunger and the increase in cancers of various types.
Over 60% of the needs of the European Union of timber and timber products should be imported, which meant an expenditure of 18,000 million in 1984. It is estimated that by 2000 the increase is 2%, mainly paper, cardboard and wooden planks.
To give an example, only a quarter of Spain is covered by timberland. There are 6.9 million hectares with a poor performance in wood. In 1981 Spain produced 9.84 million cubic meters of forests, imported and exported 5.63 million 3.17 million.
If we are to meet the next century with optimism and create a sustainable future for our children, we will recover, reuse and recycle used paper to cover the needs and prevent the disappearance of our forests and wildlife.
The European Union is taken annually from 8 to 9 million tons of used paper, which represents less than 30% of paper consumed in the Union.
16% of materials recovered from solid waste in Spain is paper. In 1987 58% of the composition of the paper produced in our country contained paper and cardboard used. These figures were achieved thanks to the existence of a flexible and comprehensive network of collection, storage and forwarding to paper companies and Cardboard Paper and cardboard used to convert it back into containers and paper ready for use. From 1987 until today the need for paper used in Spain have increased by 270% and this figure is expected to continue to grow.
And what should we do in our country to approach those figures?
The advantages of paper recycling are obvious: fewer trees are cut down and save energy. Indeed, to make a ton of paper from virgin pulp needed 2,400 kilos of wood, 200,000 liters of water and the order of 7,000 kW / h of energy to get the same amount recovered waste paper waste paper is required, 100 times less water (2,000 liters) and a third power (2,500 kW / h)
Taking these figures to the end, if you recycle waste paper in half would save 8 million hectares of forest a year, avoiding the 73% of the contamination and get an energy saving of 60%.