There are different numbers on poverty in my country, Argentina. Unfortunately officers prepared by the INDEC lack credibility in our population. Argentina Catholic University (Social Debt Observatory Argentina) has been preparing periodically since several years ago statistical reports that are reliable for methodological objectivity.
In the latest report by the ACU is quantified by 28.7 percent of our poverty level in 2014, this indicates that between 2010 and 2014 poverty declined slightly, since poverty in 2010 was somewhat higher (29.4 percent).
But in this report ACU is not limited to measuring the total poverty in our country, but we also illustrates about inequality region of the country, and also alerts us to the huge difference in poverty by education level of the families.
While poverty in the CABA (Buenos Aires) affects 6.8 percent of the population, when the General Paz crosses (outside the capital) poverty is growing more than 5 times as climbs 36.2 percent. There is more poverty in suburban Buenos Aires that inside the country, since in the inner cities poverty is below the level of the suburbs as it hovers around 27 percent.
An important merit of this report is to show the UCA the decisive influence which of education as a determinant of poverty. The national average of poverty in 2014 is, as we said, 28.7 percent, but attention, among those who completed high school is much lower poverty (10.9 percent).
The scourge of poverty and destitution overwhelmingly punish those who did not complete high school, as many as 45 of every 100 of them are poor. In the twenty-first century without complete secondary school it is very difficult for people to have safe and permanent jobs that allow escape poverty.
We are in presence of profound inequality that should be corrected, as these figures tell us that those who do not finish high school are candidates to swell the pockets of poverty, this statement does not surprise anyone because it is not new.
We all know, and this report confirms the ACU so that “adults who are poor today have not completed high school yesterday,” but turn attention is also true that “teens today are not completing high school will be the poor future. “
This phenomenon is known as “intergenerational transmission of poverty” because today’s poor children have no secondary education, which in turn also completed the secondary cycle legally enforceable.
Our education system is consolidating inequality. And that for every 100 children entering first grade a private primary school complete secondary 70 of them, but 100 entering a state primary end secondary school just 27. Without universal secondary school, which outreach to all socioeconomic levels of the population, can not alleviate poverty. This universalization of secondary should be the concern of the next government that will begin in December.